Greenland, Kalaallit Nunaat (‚land of the people‘), is the largest island in the world and a part of the self-governing Kingdom of Denmark. The Greenlandic population are mainly Inuit, who call themselves Kalaallit (West), Inugguit (Thule) or Tunumiut (East). The capital is Nuuk (Godthåb) in western Greenland.
The “capital” of East Greenland is Tasiilaq, which is located on the island of Ammassalik. About 2,000 people live in Tasiilaq and about 3,800 in Tunu (East Greenland). Besides
Tasiilaq there are the settlements of Kulusuk, Isortoq, Tiilerilaaq, Kuummiut and Sermiligaaq.
Further north, Ittoqqortoormiit (Scorsbysund) is the northernmost inhabited place on the east coast, while a vast national park covers all of north-east Greenland.
There is still a strong hunting and fishing culture in East Greenland. Here people came into contact with Western culture much later than on the west coast of Greenland, where whalers established bases early on.
The mission station in Tasiilaq was only founded in 1894, after an expedition a few years earlier had first confirmed that people lived on the east coast.
The region of East Greenland can now be described as more original than, for example, the region around Disko Bay, which is quite touristy.